Difference between revisions of "Testing Area/Behat Testing/Error & Solutions"

From Mahara Wiki

< Testing Area‎ | Behat Testing
(Server not started)
(Server not started)
Line 32: Line 32:
Go to the mahara/test/behat/ script. Update the version:
* Go to the script: mahara/test/behat/ script.  
* Update the version (around lines number 95 and 96 of the sh file):
It will then auto updates when you run the ./test/behat/ rundebug @tag
* Auto update by running:
sudo -u www-data ./test/behat/ rundebug @tag
To find out if Selenium has updated to a new version, go to and see version of the Selenium Server is available.
To find out if Selenium has updated to a new version, go to and see version of the Selenium Server is available.

Revision as of 17:00, 3 August 2016

Errors when using Behat

This is a place where you can log errors and come to fix yours. If you log an error please be sure to put down how you fixed it

Permission issues

If you are getting a permission denied:

  • [WAR] 7e (/var/www/maharacode/mahara/external/vendor/behat/gherkin/src/Behat/Gherkin/Cache/FileCache.php:88) file_put_contents(/tmp/behat_gherkin_cache/412/7852eac8b52e46380d27aa7d2702426c.feature.cache): failed to open stream: Permission denied

Make sure the following files are owned by the apache user:

  • sitedata (directory in your $cfg->behat_dataroot)
  • /tmp/behat_rerun_cache
  • /tmp/behat_gherkin_cache

If not, update their permissions:

  • sudo chown -R www-data.www-data /tmp/behat_gherkin_cache
  • sudo chown -R www-data.www-data /tmp/behat_rerun_cache
  • sudo chown -R www-data.www-data sitedata (directory in your $cfg->behat_dataroot)
  • For Ubuntu, apache runs with user www-data
  • For Centos, apache runs with user apache

Selenium issues

Server not started

When Selenium upgrades causing firefox to try run headless and not open firefox. It can also throw an error when you try run the test. It will mention something about the Selenium server not being able to start up.


  • Go to the script: mahara/test/behat/ script.
  • Update the version (around lines number 95 and 96 of the sh file):
  • Auto update by running:
sudo -u www-data ./test/behat/ rundebug @tag

To find out if Selenium has updated to a new version, go to and see version of the Selenium Server is available.

You might need to do some more debugging. But this information should point you in the right direction.

Shut down incorrectly

Another bug with Selenium is if you are using Moodle or running Behat from two diff versions of Mahara is sometimes the Selenium Server doesn't shut down properly. You will know this is happening if you've run the tests and it says at the end "Selenium server not not shut down" or it just wont say that's it has shut down. It will be written the same way it does when Selenium starts up when you run the tests.

Eg: Composer installing... PHP server running, Selenium running. At the end of the tests running it says the same thing.. PHP server shut down... Selenium shut down.

When you try to run the tests it may also say "Selenium server is not running or could not be run" or something similar. This is because there are 2 running and it's getting confused


Temporary fix, go to the terminal and type

ps aux | grep selenium

And then kill the process ID. This is the first number after your username.


<username>@<computername>:~$ ps aux | grep selenium
<username> 6590 0.0 0.0 12960 936 pts/26 S+ 10:31 0:00 grep --color=auto selenium

So the command will be

 kill 6590

However don't kill the one that say's --color=auto selenium you should kill the other one.

Then run the command again to make sure that the server was killed

 ps aux | grep selenium 

This will just kill selenium running so you can finish what you are working on and run the test properly.

Once you have done that, if you are a dev take a look into the /test/behat/ script because there will be something up with the way that selenium is shutting down. Also check that this issue isn't happening with Jenkins. However, keep in mind that Jenkins runs headless.

If you aren't a dev then go tell one of the devs that it's not shutting down properly. Or you can do this by writing a bug on Launchpad here: In the summary write Behat: tell them what the issue is here. Just so they can tell instantly it's a Behat issue you are having.

Firefox issues

Can't log in

Firefox upgrades and when you run the tests Firefox wont pop up with the Mahara instance in it. Another issue is the window opening but Behat not being able to run the test properly and it will say that you cant log in. It will run the first log in steps (say as an admin) but it wont pass the next step (to verify that the admin can be logged in) and if you actually look at Behat running (requires you to not be running it headless) then you will see it's not actually logging in.



 sudo apt-get purge firefox
 sudo dpkg -i firefox_42.0+build2-0ubuntu0.14.04.1_amd64.deb
 sudo apt-mark hold firefox

Follow instructions in link above to unhold and update.


Generally Firefox and Selenium are heavily entwined. When Firefox breaks, go to and download the newer version of Selenium. When one upgarades it's usually best to upgrade the other at the same time so they are compatible.

If all else fails then revert back to the previous stable version.

I change directory to downloads and run this in a separate terminal. This requires you to have the previous version of Firefox downloaded and still sitting in downloads. java -jar selenium-server-standalone-2.44.0.jar -Dwebdriver.firefox.bin=/home/jinelleb/Downloads/firefox/firefox

PHP server issues

Server not closing

Same as the Selenium server issues, you can get errors with the PHP server not closing or running multiple servers. You can tell this because it will give a error message when you try run the tests. It will generally throw an error with the key words "localhost 8000" or "PHP server".

There could be multiple things causing this issue including the config file not point to the right host name.


Grep search for php server and kill the process ID.

Go to your mahara config.php and read the Behat section and make sure that everything is pointing to the right place.

If these fail then if you aren't a dev file a bug here with the summary Behat: description of what's happening when you try run tests.

If you are a dev then you need to look into the mahara_behat script and check the php server is closing properly. A way to debug is to run a test locally and check if the php server is starting up and shutting down properly. It will say in the terminal if you run "rundebug". I think it runs with just run as well.

Composer issue


Originally composer wasn't pegged. Now it has been you can often get a yellow error when you run Behat that mentions composer dependencies being out of date. It will say "Warning: The lock file is not up to date with the latest changes in composer.json. You may be getting outdated dependencies".


  • Run update to update them.


  • Delete the lock file (mahara/external/composerlock.php) and then run Behat again.

Debugg steps that are failing

Test keeps failing

When you are trying to write a test but the test keeps failing on a step and you don't know why it's failing. You need to be able to find a way to hold the window open so you can see what's happening.


For a start when you run the test run using the debug option instead of just "run" this will give you a more human readable output. The step that is failing will go red. EG:

./test/behat/ rundebug @youtagthatyouwanttorun

To hold the window open so you can add a step right before the one breaking saying And I wait "30" seconds. Another way of holding the window open for a longer period of time is to click on the terminal in the and hit ctrl+z this will pause the test from running right where it is. You then need to type fg to bring the test back into the foreground and let it keep running till the end.

Stopping a test

A test has started running and you need to stop it in the middle of it.


Press ctrl+c this will stop it from running